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2020-09-29 - Article/Dans un journal avec peer-review - Anglais - 24 page(s)

Delcourt Manon , Tagliatti Vanessa , Delsinne Virginie , Colet Jean-Marie , Decleves Anne-Emilie , "Influence of Nutritional Intake of Carbohydrates on Mitochondrial Structure, Dynamics, and Functions during Adipogenesis" in Nutrients, 12, 10.3390/nu12102984

  • Edition : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI) (Switzerland)
  • Codes CREF : Pathologies particulières (DI3370)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Biochimie métabolique et moléculaire (M122)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut des Sciences et Technologies de la Santé (Santé)
  • Centres UMONS : Mind & Health (CREMH)
Texte intégral :

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) Obesity is an alarming yet increasing phenomenon worldwide, and more effective obesity management strategies have become essential. In addition to the numerous anti-adipogenic treatments promising a restauration of a healthy white adipose tissue (WAT) function, numerous studies reported on the critical role of nutritional parameters in obesity development. In a metabolic disorder context, a better control of nutrient intake is a key step in slowing down adipogenesis and therefore obesity. Of interest, the effect on WAT remodeling deserves deeper investigations. Among the different actors of WAT plasticity, the mitochondrial network plays a central role due to its dynamics and essential cellular functions. Hence, the present in vitro study, conducted on the 3T3-L1 cell line, aimed at evaluating the incidence of modulating the carbohydrates intake on adipogenesis through an integrated assessment of mitochondrial structure, dynamics, and functions-correlated changes. For this purpose, our experimental strategy was to compare the occurrence of adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells cultured either in a high-glucose (HG) medium (25 mM) or in a low-glucose (LG) medium (5 mM) supplemented with equivalent galactose (GAL) levels (20 mM). The present LG-GAL condition was associated, in differentiating adipocytes, to a reduced lipid droplet network, lower expressions of early and late adipogenic genes and proteins, an increased mitochondrial network with higher biogenesis marker expression, an equilibrium in the mitochondrial fusion/fission pattern, and a decreased expression of mitochondrial metabolic overload protein markers. Therefore, those main findings show a clear effect of modulating glucose accessibility on 3T3-L1 adipogenesis through a combined effect of adipogenesis modulation and overall improvement of the mitochondrial health status. This nutritional approach offers promising opportunities in the control and prevention of obesity.