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2018-12-17 - Colloque/Présentation - communication orale - Français - 26 page(s)

Jacobs Valentine, Mahy Benoît , Rycx François, Volral Mélanie , "La suréducation selon le pays de naissance des travailleurs: le rôle de l’éducation, du genre, de l’ancienneté et de la naturalisation." in Journée de la recherche en Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgique, 2018

  • Codes CREF : Economie du travail et de la population (DI4353)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut de Recherche en Développement Humain et des Organisations (HumanOrg)
  • Centres UMONS : Economie Appliquée (CREA)
Texte intégral :

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) This paper puts the relationship between migration and over-education to an updated test, taking advantage of access to detailed Belgian cross-sectional data for the years 1999-2010. These data enable us to i) measure over-education in a very precise way (i.e by also considering in the “realised matches method”, next to the commonly used worker’s occupation, its age and the sector in which he/she is employed) and ii) classify migrants into disaggregated geographical areas. Our ordered probit regressions first indicate that migrants are more likely to be over-educated than native workers, especially when they come from Asia or the Maghreb. We then investigate whether this relationship might be influenced by specific migrants’ characteristics. We find that the likelihood of being over-educated increases for higher educated and female migrants, while it decreases for migrants with more than 10 years of tenure and who have been naturalised, compared to their counterparts born in Belgium, respectively. To our knowledge, this paper is the first to explore on an empirical basis the effect of tenure and naturalisation on the relationship between migration and over-education.