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2019-03-30 - Colloque/Présentation - communication orale - Français - 7 page(s)

Staquet Anne , "Quand les philosophes rient de la religion" in Petit éloge de l'ironie, Iasi, Roumanie, 2019

  • Codes CREF : Histoire de la philosophie et de la morale (DI5144), Rhétorique (DI5357), Philosophie de la religion (DI5418)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Philosophie et Histoire des Sciences (S808)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut de recherche en sciences et technologies du langage (Langage)

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) While the notion of irony is well suited to certain literary genres, often referred to as minors, it seems less obvious in philosophical discourse and especially when it comes to dealing with such important subjects as theology or the central issues of religion as the immortality of the soul, miracles or the greatness of God. However, in the 17th century, when the Inquisition and the imprimatur were still powerful institutions, surprisingly, there were many examples of the use of irony, particularly in speeches dealing with religious issues. More than political issues, however, it is probably the most monitored theme and should be used to increase respect. How is it that philosophers dare to use irony to deal with these subjects? How do they use irony? And above all, why do philosophers use irony to address certain themes? It is to these questions that I will propose to answer with an approach combining philosophy and rhetorical analysis of the texts. To do this, I will have to place the humorous excerpts in the dynamics of the works and in the historical context. Based on an analysis of specific cases, drawn from three early modern-day thinkers - Giulio Cesare Vanini, Thomas Hobbes and François La Mothe le Vayer - I propose to show several appeals to irony among the philosophers of the century who are regularly described as pious. We will see that a philosophical discourse can be ironic without ceasing to be serious and meaningful. At the same time, I will highlight, on the basis of the analysis of these same examples, different functions that an ironic philosophical text had at the time: protection of the author, selection of the readership, veiled attack, etc.