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2020-09-02 - Colloque/Présentation - communication orale - Anglais - 1 page(s)

Rossignol Mandy , El Bouragui Khira , Besche-Richard Chrystel, "Behavioral and physiological correlates of recognizing and sharing other’s emotions." in 50th EABCT Congress . September 2-5., 141, Athens, Greece, 2020

  • Codes CREF : Psychopathologie (DI3513), Neurosciences cognitives (DI4296), Sciences cognitives (DI4290), Psychologie cognitive (DI4211)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Psychologie cognitive et Neuropsychologie (P325)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut de recherche en sciences et technologies du langage (Langage), Institut des Sciences et Technologies de la Santé (Santé)
  • Centres UMONS : Centre de recherche interdisciplinaire en Psychophysiologie et Electrophysiologie de la cognition (CIPsE), Mind & Health (CREMH)
Texte intégral :

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) BEING EMPATHIC: BEHAVIORAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL CORRELATES OF RECOGNIZING AND SHARING OTHER’S EMOTIONS M. Rossignol1,2 , K. El Bouragui1,2,3, C. Besche-Richard2 1 Department of Cognitive Psychology and Neuropsychology (CPN), Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Mons (UMONS), Mons, Belgium 2 Interdisciplinary Research Center in Psychophysiology and Cognitive Electrophysiology (CiPsE), Mons, Belgium 3 Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, Laboratoire C2S, Reims, France Introduction: Empathy is a multicomponent concept covering cognitive empathy, the aptitude to intellectually understand others’ emotional states, and affective empathy, the ability to share the emotional experiences of others, possibly in our own body. This study aimed to clarify the relations between self-reported, behavioral and physiological dimensions of empathy. Methods: 46 women saw pictures of people in situations evoking happiness, anger or sadness and electrodermal activity (EDA) was recorded as an index of sympathetic activity. Then, participants were asked to use nine-point scales to (a) infer the emotional state of the protagonists (cognitive empathy - CE) ; (b) estimate their own emotion in the same situation (simulation) ; (c) rate their involvement in what the protagonist was feeling (empathic concern - EC) and (d) their current emotional experience (emotional arousal - EA), They completed the Basic Empathy Scale to measure self-reported cognitive (BESC) and affective empathy (BESA). Results: Participants showed good cognitive empathy skills, but emotion intensities were lower in simulation (p<.001). A high correlation was observed between EC and EA (r=.522, p<.001), which were higher for negative as compared to positive pictures (both p-values <.001). Moreover, a main effect of emotion on EDA (p<.001) showed more peaks during happy scenes, the number of peaks being globally correlated to BESA (p=.04). Finally, EDA and EC predicted EA for anger exclusively (p<.001). Conclusions: Our results confirm the clear dissociation between cognitive empathy and affective empathy that relies on empathic concern and affects emotional arousal and even sympathetic body responses.