DI-UMONS : Dépôt institutionnel de l’université de Mons

Recherche transversale
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2021-09-13 - Colloque/Présentation - communication orale - Anglais - page(s)

Duroisin Natacha , Mengue Topio Hursula, "Evolution of spatial decentration and language comprehension among young children" in International Conference on Spatial Cognition, Rome, Italie, 2021

  • Codes CREF : Psychologie de l'adolescence (DI4257), Neurosciences cognitives (DI4296), Pédagogie expérimentale (DI4612), Pédagogie (DI4610), Psychologie cognitive (DI4211), Psychologie scolaire (DI4256)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Formation des Enseignants (B101)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut de Recherche sur les Systèmes Complexes (Complexys), Institut de Recherche en Développement Humain et des Organisations (HumanOrg)

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) This study focus on the link between Spatial Perspective Taking (SPT) and receptive langage in children between 4 to 7 years.SPT corresponds to the ability to differentiate one's own point of view from that of another observer and then to represent the point of view of this other observer in a “visual scene”(Beaudichon & Bideaud, 1979). From 3 to 4 years,children are able to judge whether an object would be seen or not by adopting another point of view (Sodian et al.,2007).We question the link between the understanding of basic concepts in children and theirs results in a task assessing SPT.Despite,the development of SPT doesn’t require mastery of verbal skills(Greenberg et al.,2013),the child must nevertheless understand the instructions presented.However,it is between 3 and 5 years that the understanding of basic language is acquired(Miljkovitch et al.,2017).We examine performance of decentration while considering the understanding of the concepts. Our predictions:spatial judgments errors decrease as participants get older and we expect a decrease of errors in children wih a high score in the test of language.Participants:60 children(4 to 7 years).Material:Boehm to assess the development of receptive language and Animo-Déclic® game to assess the SPT.For SPT, we note a significant decrease in the number of errors according to the participants’age(Kruskal-Wallis Test (N=60)=34.62,p<0.001).Results show strong and negative links between understanding language basic concepts and errors in SPT task(p<.001). We show an improvement in SPT performance between 5 years and 6 years with a significant reduction in the number of errors at 6 years 11 months.