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2020-01-20 - Article/Dans un journal avec peer-review - Anglais - 6 page(s)

Thiry Benjamin , "Assessing the therapeutic alliance with the five-factor model: An expert-based approach" in Annales Médico-Psychologiques

  • Edition : Elsevier Masson (France)
  • Codes CREF : Enseignement des sciences humaines (DI0135)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Psychologie légale (P352)
Texte intégral :

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) In psychotherapy, therapeutic alliance is an integrative factor influencing the effectiveness of treatment. This alliance depends on the bond between therapist and patient. Objectives. – This study investigates patient’s psychological variables likely to facilitate or hamper a psychotherapeutic process. Methods. – We asked 38 clinicians to assess the importance of each domain and facet of the Five-factor model (five domains and thirty facets) supposed to facilitate or hamper therapeutic alliance. Results. – Results indicate that high openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness are perceived as favourable to therapeutic alliance. Beyond these results, we preferably focus on facets of the Five-factor model to assess their relevance for the facilitation or hindrance of therapeutic alliance. According to clinicians, 17 facets are supposed to affect positively therapeutic alliance: A2 (straightforwardness), O3 (feelings), C5 (self-discipline), O5 (ideas), O6 (values), C2 (order), O1(fantasy), C1 (competence), E2 (gregariousness), E1 (warmth), A6 (tender-mindedness), N5 (impulsiveness), A3 (altruism), C4 (achievement striving), E4 (activity), N1 (anxiety) and C6 (deliberation). Thirty-eight facets were supposed to have a negative effect on therapeutic alliance: A5 (modesty), A2 (straightforwardness), A1 (trust), C3 (dutifulness), E3 (assertiveness), E1 (warmth), A4 (compliance), O3 (feelings), C4 (achievement striving), N3 (depression), A6 (tender-mindedness), O5 (ideas), A3 (altruism), E5 (excitement-seeking), N5 (impulsiveness), O2 (aesthetics), E2 (gregariousness) and O1 (fantasy). Conclusion. – On this basis, we propose three experimental scores investigating the proneness to access therapy based on the Five-Factor Model.

Mots-clés :
  • (Anglais) Personality
  • (Anglais) Five-Factor Model
  • (Anglais) NEO PI
  • (Anglais) Therapeutic alliance