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2021-05-28 - Colloque/Présentation - poster - Anglais - 1 page(s)

Bodart Alice , Othon Marie, Lefebvre Laurent , Rossignol Mandy , "Role of heart rate variability and interoceptive awareness in the emotional experience." in BAPS 2021 - Belgian Association for Psychological Sciences”, UCLouvain, Louvain-La-Neuve, May 2021., Louvain-La-Neuve, Belgique, 2021

  • Codes CREF : Psychopathologie (DI3513), Neurosciences cognitives (DI4296), Sciences cognitives (DI4290), Psychologie cognitive (DI4211)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Psychologie cognitive et Neuropsychologie (P325)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut de recherche en sciences et technologies du langage (Langage), Institut des Sciences et Technologies de la Santé (Santé)
  • Centres UMONS : Centre de recherche interdisciplinaire en Psychophysiologie et Electrophysiologie de la cognition (CIPsE), Mind & Health (CREMH)

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) Involvement of cardiac variability and interoception in emotional experience Alice Bodart, MSc., Marie Othon, BSc., Laurent Lefebvre, PhD., Mandy Rossignol, PhD. Cognitive psychology and neuropsychology department. University of Mons. Belgium. Alice.bodart@umons.ac.be Current models postulate that subjective emotional experience results, among others, from the perception of body changes associated with emotional appraisal (Lane, 2000). This perception is based on both physiological reactivity and interoception, corresponding to the ability to detect internal bodily sensation. However, the links between physiological reactivity and interoceptive accuracy still unclear. This study aims to investigate this relationship by measuring heart rate variability (HRV) as an index for physiological reactivity and heartbeat detection for interoceptive accuracy. On the one hand, the HRV refers to the variation between heartbeats and is known to reflect emotional regulation abilities. On the other hand, cardiac interoceptive accuracy plays a major mediator role between the physiological emotional response and its subjective awareness. This study aims to disentangle the role of the HRV and interoception accuracy in the emotional experience. This study examines physiological reactivity and subjective emotional responses while watching emotional films, and the interoceptive accuracy assessed with a heartbeat-detection task. 20 men took part in the experiment. The experimental task consisted to appraise five emotional films of tenderness, anger, sadness and happiness. The HRV measurement started 5 minutes before the start of the films. The interoceptive accuracy was measured before the films. After each film, participants had to provide an emotional assessment by determining the type and intensity of emotions felt during the film. Data have been collected and analyses are currently in progress. Our results would allow determining the involvement of HRV and interoceptive awareness in emotional experience. Lane, R. D. (2000). Levels of emotional awareness : Neurological, psychological, and social perspectives. In The handbook of emotional intelligence : Theory, development, assessment, and application at home, school, and in the workplace (p. 171‑191). Jossey-Bass