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2021-03-08 - Colloque/Article dans les actes avec comité de lecture - Anglais - 6 page(s)

Kerenneur Anaïs , Cauchie Dimitri , Bruyninckx Marielle , "Promoting a Comprehensive Emotional and Sexual Education Program in Higher Education. A Survey Conducted Among Students of a University in The French-Speaking Community of Belgium" in 15th International Technology, Education and Development Conference, 3890-3895, Valence, Espagne, 2021

  • Codes CREF : Politique de l'éducation (DI4415), Santé éducation et bien-être (DI4352)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Développement humain et traitement des données (P382)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut de Recherche en Développement Humain et des Organisations (HumanOrg)

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) In this study, we surveyed the students of the University of Mons in Belgium to question the usefulness of a comprehensive emotional and sexual education in a university. To better understand the adequacy of such a program, we collected data about the information they received during mandatory schooling. We also tried to evaluate their knowledge about sexually transmitted infections and surveyed the types of violence or discrimination they face in the university. Results were then cross-analyzed by gender. Our sample consists of 138 respondents: 114 women, 23 men, and one transgender person. Almost all of them (99%) received some general information about sexuality during their mandatory schooling. However, some topics were massively mentioned by students such as sexual anatomy (92% of respondents), human reproduction (84%), contraceptive methods (84%), puberty (77%), and sexually transmitted infections (71%). Very few students received information about sexual desire and pleasure (2% of respondents); pornography (5%); sexual and reproductive rights (6%); gender identities (8%); sexist, homophobic, transphobic, and sexual cyberviolence (less than 10%). Besides, their knowledge was, for various important topics, clearly approximate. None of our male respondents told us they had experienced any forms of discrimination or any kind of violence. However, one-quarter of our female subjects spoke about the discrimination and violence they had to face, including sexism (18%), sexual abuse (5%), sexual cyberviolence (4%), sexist cyberviolence (3%), discrimination based on gender identity (1%) and sexual orientation (1%). Considering our results, it appears that not all students received clear, complete, and satisfactory information during their mandatory schooling. Besides, discrimination and violence against women are still experienced by students at the University. Therefore, we think it would be relevant to provide an additional program of comprehensive emotional and sexual education intended for Higher education. Keywords: Higher Education, Comprehensive Emotional and Sexual Education, Discrimination, Violence.