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2019-11-05 - Colloque/Article dans les actes avec comité de lecture - Anglais - 11 page(s)

Giorgetti Simone, Coppitters Diederik , Contino francesco, De Paepe Ward , Bricteux Laurent , Aversano Gianmarco, Parente Alessandro, "Surrogate-Assisted Modeling and Robust Optimization of a Micro Gas Turbine Plant With Carbon Capture" in ASME Turbo Expo 2019: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT2019-91400, V003T06A017, Phoenix, AZ, USA, 2019

  • Codes CREF : Recherche énergétique (DI2290), Thermodynamique appliquée (DI2210), Combustion (DI2212), Turbines a gaz (DI2223)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Thermique et Combustion (F704)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut de Recherche en Energétique (Energie)
Texte intégral :

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) The growing share of wind and solar power in the total energy mix has caused severe problems in balancing the electrical power production. Consequently, in the future, all fossil fuel-based electricity generation will need to be run on a completely flexible basis. Micro Gas Turbines (mGTs) constitutes a mature technology which can offer such flexibility. Even though their greenhouse gas emissions are already very low, stringent carbon reduction targets will require them to be completely carbon neutral: this constraint implies the adoption of post-combustion Carbon Capture (CC) on these energy systems. To reduce the CC energy penalty, Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) can be applied to the mGTs increasing the CO2 content in the exhaust gas and reducing the mass flow rate of flue gas to be treated. As a result, a lower investment and operational cost of the CC unit can be achieved. In spite of this attractive solution, an in-depth study along with a robust optimization of this system has not yet been carried out. Hence, in this paper, a typical mGT with EGR has been coupled with an amine-based CC plant and simulated using the software Aspen Plus®. A rigorous rate-based simulation of the CO2 absorption and desorption in the CC unit offers an accurate prediction; however, its time complexity and convergence difficulty are severe limitations for a stochastic optimization. Therefore, a surrogate-based optimization approach has been used, which makes use of a Gaussian Process Regression (GPR) model, trained using the Aspen Plus® data, to quickly find operating points of the plant at a very low computational cost. Using the validated surrogate model, a robust optimization using a Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II (NSGA II) has been carried out, assessing the influence of each input uncertainty and varying several design variables. As a general result, the analysed power plant proves to be intrinsically very robust, even when the input variables are affected by strong uncertainties.

Identifiants :
  • DOI : https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2019-91400