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2019-05-14 - Colloque/Présentation - poster - Anglais - 1 page(s)

Collette Cynthia, Bartolo Angela, Carneiro Pereira Sarah, Lefebvre Laurent , Simoes Loureiro Isabelle , "Semantic of objects: when going through words, manipulation acts like function." in Annual Meeting of the Belgian Association for Psychological Sciences (BAPS 2019), P2.51, 255, Liège, Belgique, 2019

  • Codes CREF : Psychopathologie (DI3513), Neurosciences cognitives (DI4296), Sciences cognitives (DI4290), Psychologie cognitive (DI4211)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Psychologie cognitive et Neuropsychologie (P325)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut de recherche en sciences et technologies du langage (Langage), Institut des Sciences et Technologies de la Santé (Santé)
  • Centres UMONS : Centre de recherche interdisciplinaire en Psychophysiologie et Electrophysiologie de la cognition (CIPsE), Mind & Health (CREMH)
Texte intégral :

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) BAPS 2019 Collette, Cynthia (1), Bartolo, Angela (2, 3), Carneiro Pereira, Sarah (1), Lefebvre, Laurent (1) & Simoes Loureiro, Isabelle (1) (1) Cognitive Psychology and Neuropsychology department, Institute of health sciences and technologies, University of Mons, Belgium (2) Cognitive and Affective Sciences Laboratory (SCALab), UMR CNRS 9193, University of Lille, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France (3) Institut Universitaire de France, Paris, France Correspondence: Cynthia Collette, Cognitive Psychology and Neuropsychology department, University of Mons (UMONS), Place du Parc, 18, 7000, Mons. Email: cynthia.collette@umons.ac.be Title Semantic of objects: when going through words, manipulation acts like function. Abstract Manipulable man-made objects are characterized by semantic features of different formats. While it is clear that functional declarative knowledge related to objects (i.e. what is an object for) belongs to semantic knowledge stored in memory, the nature of knowledge associated with object gesture of use (i.e. manipulation) remains unclear. We assume that, despite its gestural non declarative format, manipulation is part of object semantic. If this is true, semantic priming using word-stimuli (declarative format) would leads to very similar effects for both types of knowledge. To test that hypothesis, a lexical decision task associated to semantic priming was administered to 20 healthy adults (21yo +/-2.8). Sixteen object-word targets were associated with three types of object-word primes: one sharing the same function (e.g. sandglass-stopwatch); one the same gesture of use (e.g. lighter-stopwatch) and an unrelated prime (e.g. knife-stopwatch). Lists of stimuli were controlled for familiarity, AoA, imageability, frequency and length, with no difference between priming contexts. Behavioural (i.e. response times) as well as EEG data were collected. Very similarly, facilitative priming effects on response times and N400 decreasing were observed for both function and manipulation supporting the idea that manipulation is indeed part of object semantic.