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2021-03-17 - Article/Dans un journal avec peer-review - Anglais - 11 page(s)

Mégret Alexandre , Vitry Véronique , Delaunois Fabienne , "Study of the Processing of a Recycled WC–Co Powder: Can It Compete with Conventional WC–Co Powders?" in Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, 7, 448-458

  • Edition : Springer
  • Codes CREF : Métallurgie (DI2310), Matériaux céramiques et poudres (DI2744)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Métallurgie (F601)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut de Recherche en Science et Ingénierie des Matériaux (Matériaux)
Texte intégral :

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) Cemented carbide tools suffer from many issues due to the use of tungsten and cobalt as raw materials. Indeed, those are listed by the European Commission as “critical raw materials” since 2011 and by the US Department of Interior as “critical minerals” in 2018. To remain competitive with the conventional high-speed steels, less performant but cheaper, WC–Co tools can be recycled. In the present paper, a WC–7.5Co powder, recycled by the “Coldstream” process, has been sintered with vacuum sintering. As preliminary experiments have shown that the sinterability of the powder is low, the sintering temperature was set at 1500 °C to achieve full density. In parallel, the influence of ball milling conditions (rotation speed and milling medium) on the reactivity of the recycled powder has been studied in terms of grain size distribution, hardness, and fracture toughness. The optimized milling conditions were found to be 6 h wet milling, leading to a hardness of about 1870 HV30 and a toughness of about 10.5 MPa√m after densification. The recycled powder can thus totally compete with conventional powders, opening avenues for the recycling of cemented carbide tools.

Mots-clés :
  • (Anglais) Cemented carbides
  • (Anglais) Sintering
  • (Anglais) Recycled powder
  • (Anglais) Milling