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2016-05-05 - Article/Dans un journal avec peer-review - Anglais - 10 page(s)

Montero Carrero Marina, De Paepe Ward , Bram Svend, Musin Frédéric, Parente Alessandro, Contino francesco, "Humidified micro gas turbines for domestic users: An economic and primary energy savings analysis" in Energy, 117, 2, 429-438

  • Edition : Elsevier, London (United Kingdom)
  • Codes CREF : Thermodynamique appliquée (DI2210)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Thermique et Combustion (F704)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut de Recherche en Energétique (Energie)

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) Micro Gas Turbines (mGTs) offer valuable advantages for small-scale Combined Heat and Power (CHP) production compared to reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines (ICEs): lower maintenance costs per kWhe, cleaner exhaust, lower vibration levels and concentration of the residual heat in a single source (the exhaust gases). Nevertheless, mGTs have lower electrical efficiencies, fact that has prevented them from penetrating in the CHP market. Hot liquid water injection—by means of a saturation tower within the micro Humid Air Turbine (mHAT) cycle—allows both improving the flexibility of heat production and the electrical efficiency of mGTs; two qualities that if enhanced would increase the economic feasibility of the technology. Although the advantages of mHAT technology have been proven from a thermodynamic point of view, its economic performance has not yet been fully investigated. This paper presents a comparison of the economic profitability and the primary energy savings of an mGT, an ICE and an mHAT unit operating in real network conditions. Our aim is to investigate whether the increase in flexibility and electrical efficiency, achieved when transforming an mGT into an mHAT, allows this technology to economically outperform ICEs. Results show that the three units are viable in scenarios with high electricity and low natural gas prices. For the cases in which investment is feasible, the revenues with mHAT are the highest: thanks to their flexibility in heat generation, mHAT units are able to run all year long. On the other hand, the greatest primary energy savings are achieved with ICE units—which have the highest overall efficiencies—while mHAT savings are substantially lower.

Identifiants :
  • DOI : 10.1016/j.energy.2016.04.024