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2013-06-07 - Article/Dans un journal avec peer-review - Anglais - 7 page(s)

Collard Marie, Laitat Kim, Moulin Laure, Catarino Ana, Grosjean Philippe , Dubois Philippe, "Buffer capacity of the coelomic fluid in echinoderms" in Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology Part A : Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 166, 199-206

  • Edition : Elsevier Science, New York (NY)
  • Codes CREF : Ecologie [animale] (DI312C), Océanographie biologique (DI3191), Physiologie des invertébrés (DI3229), Biologie (DI3100), Ecologie (DI3123)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Ecologie numérique des milieux aquatiques (S807)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut de Recherche sur les Systèmes Complexes (Complexys), Institut des Biosciences (Biosciences)
Texte intégral :

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) The increase in atmospheric CO2 due to anthropogenic activity results in an acidification of the surface waters of the oceans. The impact of these chemical changes depends on the considered organisms. In particular, it depends on the ability of the organism to control the pH of its inner fluids. Among echinoderms, this ability seems to differ significantly according to species or taxa. In the present paper, we investigated the buffer capacity of the coelomic fluid in different echinoderm taxa as well as factors modifying this capacity. Euechinoidea (sea urchins except Cidaroidea) present a very high buffer capacity of the coelomic fluid (from 0.8 to 1.8 mmol kg! 1 SW above that of seawater), while Cidaroidea (other sea urchins), starfish and holothurians have a significantly lower one (from !0.1 to 0.4 mmol kg!1 SW compared to seawater). We hypothesize that this is linked to the more efficient gas exchange structures present in the three last taxa, whereas Euechinoidea evolved specific buffer systems to compensate lower gas exchange abilities. The con- stituents of the buffer capacity and the factors influencing it were investigated in the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus and the starfish Asterias rubens. Buffer capacity is primarily due to the bicarbonate buffer system of seawater (representing about 63% for sea urchins and 92% for starfish). It is also partly due to coelomocytes present in the coelomic fluid (around 8% for both) and, in P. lividus only, a compound of an apparent size larger than 3 kDa is involved (about 15%). Feeding increased the buffer capacity in P. lividus (to a difference with sea- water of about 2.3 mmol kg! 1 SW compared to unfed ones who showed a difference of about 0.5 mmol kg! 1 SW) but not in A. rubens (difference with seawater of about 0.2 for both conditions). In P. lividus, decreased seawater pH induced an increase of the buffer capacity of individuals maintained at pH 7.7 to about twice that of the control individuals and, for those at pH 7.4, about three times. This allowed a partial compensation of the coelomic fluid pH for individuals maintained at pH 7.7 but not for those at pH 7.4.


Mots-clés :
  • (Anglais) echinoderms
  • (Anglais) Paracentrotus lividus
  • (Anglais) starfish
  • (Anglais) Asterias rubens
  • (Anglais) sea urchin
  • (Anglais) buffer capacity
  • (Anglais) acid-base regulation
  • (Anglais) ocean acidification