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2014-07-02 - Colloque/Article dans les actes avec comité de lecture - Anglais - 9 page(s)

Hamaoui Najwa , "Valeurs religieuses et pratique de la démocratie" in Actes du 2° Colloque international ComSymbol , Beziers, France, 2014

  • Codes CREF : Traduction (DI5326)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Centre d'Etudes et Recherches Multimédia et études euro-méditerranéennes et orientales (T207)

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) As any democratic person who respects the values of tolerance, liberty and brotherhood, I am in a total confusion for what is happening on the other side of the Mediterranean Sea, and, at the same time, I feel the sufferings of this population. All citizens found on the other side of the Mediterranean Sea speak Arabic, except the part taken by Israel. The majority of this population is Muslim, but there are Arab Christians and Arab Jewish, who were present in the region before Islam was founded. There is also a secular community issued from all the other communities that are established, but very discrete. Do the Arab Muslims perceive democracy in the same way as other Muslims in the world? Can the Arab Christians contribute to accelerate the democratic evolution in the region as was done so during the cultural Nahda period? Is democracy (as suggested by the Arab Spring) a condition for social and economic development? Can the secular part represent a source for democracy more than any other party? I will analyze this problem in the framework of these particular questions and will consider the uncertain context in the region. I would like to state my objectives by suggesting some solutions to the questions that very often confront herein. To reach my objectives, I will focus my study on the specialized bibliography while the future perspectives and the conclusion may justify the choice of subject and its importance concerning the evolution and the future of this region. When we mention democracy, we should not forget human rights and other concepts that constitute important issues related to tolerance, freedom, justice and equality, in other words a complete system of values. In democracy we cannot accept some values and reject others. Democracy represents a lifestyle for society in general where every person is to be treated as an active citizen with rights and obligations. The important question on this issue is: Can we consider countries that organize free elections as democratic? Probably not, even though the universal suffrage is considered as democratic expression. Linked to this, I believe that democratic expression comes best in the form of municipal elections where the citizen understands the importance of his/her consultation and the reasons for the concrete organization. It involves an approach of closeness, that of the daily concerns of the citizens in their districts, the real interests of the citizens in a proximity approach , in their daily life and their occupations in their streets and districts etc. Would this “partial democracy” be sufficient in a phase of awareness and preparation? Is democracy a priority for less favored populations and for less developed countries? Is it considered as a condition for their evolution? If yes, what measures could it take to avoid the shock or the rejection? If in 1995, Europe required democracy as a condition for the Euro-Mediterranean relationships and agreements of Barcelona, in all the countries that are partners . It is surely by conviction of the EU that this is the best means to move closer and to prepare the population in an ideal situation to stop extremism and to avoid any political incompatibility between both sides of the Mediterranean Sea in a pacific vision and in good neighborhood relations in order to install peace in the region. There is a contradiction between the Mediterranean partners concerning the geopolitical threat that alters the Euro-Mediterranean relationships. Will the democracy brought by the Arab spring avoid the military dispositive by both parties?

(Anglais) Le monde arabe pour ne parler que de cette région du monde musulman a de nombreux défis urgents à relever pour préparer cette transition, parmi lesquels : la lutte contre l’extrémisme né de la conjoncture actuelle, afin de lui substituer des valeurs de cohésion sociale. Autre priorité, la lutte contre l’illettrisme accablant, et enfin, la réintégration par l’emploi ou par un revenu d’insertion, de ceux que l’on a exclus du système, lui-même fragilisé par un mauvais partage des richesses régionales et nationales depuis l’époque coloniale. Enfin, il faut conscientiser toute la population via les médias et focaliser son attention sur les objectifs de développement démocratique de la société.