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2014-12-06 - Article/Dans un journal avec peer-review - Anglais - 10 page(s)

Decleves Anne-Emilie , Sharma K, Satriano J, "Beneficial Effects of AMP-Activated Protein Kinase Agonists in Kidney Ischemia-Reperfusion: Autophagy and Cellular Stress Markers" in Nephron. Experimental Nephrology

  • Edition :
  • Codes CREF : Histologie (DI3212), Sciences biomédicales (DI3200), Néphrologie - urologie (DI3325), Physiologie pathologique (DI3250), Métabolisme (DI3223)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Biochimie métabolique et moléculaire (M122)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut des Sciences et Technologies de la Santé (Santé)
  • Centres UMONS : Centre de Recherche UMONS-Ambroise Paré (UMHAP)

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) Background: Kidney ischemia-reperfusion is a form of acute kidney injury resulting in a cascade of cellular events prompting rapid cellular damage and suppression of kidney function. A cellular response to ischemic stress is the activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), where AMPK induces a number of homeostatic and renoprotective mechanisms, including autophagy. However, whether autophagy is beneficial or detrimental in ischemia-reperfusion remains controversial. We investigated the effects of agonist induction of AMPK activity on autophagy and cell stress proteins in the model of kidney ischemia-reperfusion. Methods: AMPK agonists, AICAR (0.1 g/kg) and metformin (0.3 g/kg), were administered 24 h prior to ischemia, with kidneys harvested at 24 h of reperfusion. Results: We observed a paradoxical decrease in AMPK activity accompanied by increases in mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) C1 activity and p62/SQSTM1 expression. These results led us to propose that AMPK and autophagy are insufficient to properly counter the cellular insults in ischemia-reperfusion. Agonist induction of AMPK activity with AICAR or metformin increased macroautophagy protein LC3 and normalized p62/SQSTM1 expression and mTOR activity. Ischemia-reperfusion increases in Beclin-1 and PINK1 expressions, consistent with increased mitophagy, were also mitigated with AMPK agonists. Stress-responsive and apoptotic marker expressions increase in ischemia-reperfusion and are significantly attenuated with agonist administration, as are early indicators of fibrosis. Conclusions: Our data suggest that levels of renoprotective AMPK activity and canonical autophagy are insufficient to maintain cellular homeostasis, contributing to the progression of ischemia-reperfusion injury. We further demonstrate that induction of AMPK activity can provide beneficial cellular effects in containing injury in ischemia-reperfusion. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Identifiants :
  • DOI : 10.1159/000368932