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2016-10-06 - Colloque/Présentation - poster - Anglais - 1 page(s)

Shalukoma C, Duez Pierre , Bigirimana J., Bogaert J, Stévigny C, Pongombo S.C., Visser M, "Typology of healers in traditional medicine around the Kahuzi-Biega national Park, DR Congo" in European Onehealth/ Ecohealth Workshop, Belgian Community of Practice, Bruxelles, Belgique, 2016

  • Codes CREF : Chimie analytique (DI1314), Pharmacognosie (DI3410), Sciences pharmaceutiques (DI3400), Toxicologie pharmaceutique (DI3440)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Chimie thérapeutique et Pharmacognosie (M136)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut des Sciences et Technologies de la Santé (Santé)
Texte intégral :

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) Typology of healers in traditional medicine around the Kahuzi-Biega national Park, DR Congo C. Shalukoma, P. Duez, J. Bigirimana, J. Bogaert, C. Stévigny , C. Pongombo, M.Visser Several ethnobotanical surveys have demonstrated links between the folk medicinal practices with ethnic and geographic identity of healers, while many others concluded the opposite. Given this contrast, the present study aimed to establish a categorization that could organize healers, treated pathologies and profiles of used medicinal plants based on their ethnic origin and area of practice. A secondary goal was to evaluate whether certain medicinal species could be in danger, especially those considered essential both for healers and for gorillas of the park. A total of 88 healers, recognized as ‘specialists’ in their communities, were involved in the study. Multivariate analyses showed that the ethnic belonging and geographical location did not explain practices and knowledge of healers. However, using the IndVal method, differences were observed in their degree of specialization. Non-specialized healers (70 %) could be distinguished from healers specialized in the care of bone traumatisms and those specialized in reproductive organs (30 %). The Mantel correlation has shown a positive association (r = 0.134, p < 0.05) between the ‘healers-plants’ and ‘healers-diseases’ matrices. Forest species were the most collected (83 %), of which 47 % are also consumed by lowland gorillas. This indicates that healers who treat similar diseases often use similar herbs.