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2016-12-01 - Article/Dans un journal avec peer-review - Anglais - 1 page(s)

Costa Pedro, Lechien Jérome , "Lichen Nitidus Dorsal Tongue" in Ear, Nose, and Throat Journal

  • Edition : Medquest Communications (OH)
  • Codes CREF : Oto-rhino-laryngologie (DI3342)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Métrologie et Sciences du langage (P362), Anatomie et Biologie cellulaire (M112)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut de recherche en sciences et technologies du langage (Langage), Institut des Sciences et Technologies de la Santé (Santé)

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) A 24-year-old woman was admitted to the department of otolaryngology head and neck surgery with a seven-day history of round whitish lingual spots. The general medical history and clinical examination were unremarkable. These lesions did not burn, were not painful nor did they present any other discomfort. Palpation of the tongue revealed flat-topped and well delimitated lesions (Figure 1). A biopsy was performed, showing histological circumscribed collection of inflammatory cells in the papillary dermis that reaches the overlying epidermis. Lichen Nitidus Dorsal Tongue was diagnosed. No treatment has been established. At the time of the 6-month follow-up, the lesions had spontaneously disappeared. Lichen Nitidus, which involves shiny papules, is a relatively uncommon, asymptomatic, idiopathic inflammatory eruption, usually found in the abdomen, the pelvic area, or the extremities1. Few cases involving the tongue have been described and no case confined to the tongue without further lesions has been reported2, 3. The etiology and pathogenesis remain poorly understood1. Various authors have suggested that Lichen Niditus could be associated with other pathologies such as segmental vitiligo, lichen spinulosus, lichen striatus, oral lichen planus, psoriasis vulgaris, multiple endocrine neoplasia, and erythema nodosum1, 4. None of these disorders were detected in the present case. When Lichen Niditus is not associated with a systemic disease or complications, its resolution remains spontaneous and does not require treatment 5.