DI-UMONS : Dépôt institutionnel de l’université de Mons

Recherche transversale
(titres de publication, de périodique et noms de colloque inclus)
2013-03-26 - Colloque/Article dans les actes avec comité de lecture - Anglais - 1 page(s)

Lechien Jérome , Huet Kathy , Delvaux Véronique , Piccaluga Myriam , Saussez Sven , Harmegnies Bernard , "Objective multi-parameters analysis of the aging voice " in Spring Meeting of ENT Society, Brussels, Belgium, 2013

  • Codes CREF : Oto-rhino-laryngologie (DI3342)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Anatomie et Biologie cellulaire (M112), Métrologie et Sciences du langage (P362)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut de recherche en sciences et technologies du langage (Langage), Institut des Sciences et Technologies de la Santé (Santé)

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) Introduction and aim : Presbyphonia affects a significant rate of the geriatric population. The purpose of our work is to study the physiological aging evolution of acoustical parameters and to develop a database of acoustic data specific to aging voice in order to discern the neurological disorders and the presbyphonia. Study design : prospective study. Material and methods : 120 healthy men and women (homogeneously distributed into 4 age groups from 40 to 80 years) were recorded producing the sustained vowels /a/, /i/ and /u/, as steadily as possible. Objective parameters including fundamental frequency, jitter, shimmer and maximum phonation time were analysed. Results : Multivariate analysis of variance shows statistically significant age-group effects on fundamental frequency, jitter and shimmer but not on maximum phonation time. More specifically, the results show that more the subjects are old, more jitter and shimmer values increase, questioning the value of the so-called « normal/pathological thresholds ». Conclusions : The knowledge of various changes of acoustic parameters will allow optimal management and better discrimination between presbyphonia and diseases affecting the voice function.

Mots-clés :
  • (Anglais) aging voice
  • (Anglais) presbyphonia