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2016-12-16 - Colloque/Abstract - Anglais - 1 page(s)

Fullgrabe Lovina, Richir Jonathan , Batigny Antoine , Goffart Anne, Lejeune Pierre, Gobert Sylvie, Grosjean Philippe , "Long-term changes of the zooplankton community in the Bay of Calvi (Corsica, France)" in Benelux Congress of Zoology, Antwerp, Belgium, 2016

  • Codes CREF : Environnement et pollution (DI3840), Océanographie biologique (DI3191), Ecologie (DI3123)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Ecologie numérique des milieux aquatiques (S807)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut de Recherche sur les Systèmes Complexes (Complexys), Institut des Biosciences (Biosciences)
Texte intégral :

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) Zooplankton plays diverse crucial roles within the marine ecosystem and can also be used as bio- indicator of climate changes since it is very sensitive to environmental changes. Therefore it is essential to consider long-term plankton series. Given the analysis of plankton samples is time- consuming, it requires an effective and rapid analytical method. We have used in this work a supervised learning approach adapted for the semi-automatic classification of digital images of the mesozooplankton of the Bay of Calvi (Corsica, France) by using the Zoo/PhytoImage software. Together with a 11-years long zooplankton time-series, a set of nine environmental variables were monitored in order to identify controlling factors and determine whether the communities were sensitive to global environmental changes. The main components of the mesozooplankton community were characterized by both seasonal and inter-annual variability. Additionally, variation of holoplankton and meroplankton differentiated one from each other. The holoplanktonic community could be split into two subgroups according to its variation in function of the environment: cladocerans and appendicularians, and to a lesser extent, copepods on one hand, and cnidarians, chaetognathes and thaliaceans, on the other hand. Regarding inter-annual variation, one year (2007) showed particularly low production of total zooplankton which was also the case for all the different holoplanktonic taxa. Accounting for that phenomenon were identified some potentially underlying environmental factors. Finally, although water temperature increased significantly over the last years along with the frequency of marine heat wave events, no evident change in the global zooplankton composition was observed yet.

Mots-clés :
  • (Anglais) ZooImage
  • (Anglais) Zooplankton
  • (Anglais) Corsica
  • (Anglais) Mediterranean Sea
  • (Anglais) Global changes