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2019-04-05 - Colloque/Présentation - communication orale - Anglais - page(s)

Denis Jennifer , Namèche Audrey, "Cognitive Deficits and Deviance Communication in Family Interactions as a Risk Factor for Thought Disorders and Psychotic Disorders" in 27th European Congress of Psychiatry (EPA 2019) , Varsovie, Pologne, 2019

  • Codes CREF : Psychopathologie (DI3513), Psychiatrie (DI3521), Psychologie clinique (DI3524)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Psychologie clinique systémique et psychodynamique (P351)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut des Sciences et Technologies de la Santé (Santé), Institut de Recherche sur les Systèmes Complexes (Complexys)
  • Centres UMONS : Mind & Health (CREMH)

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) Introduction : Schizophrenia is characterized by the presence of cognitive disorders from childhood (Lewis, 2004). Among the much studied environmental risk indicators are parental Communication Deviance (CD) and genetic and environmental risk factors. The presence of thought disorder is conventionally inferred from disordered speech who is also impaired in schizophrenia (DeLisi 2001). Objectives : The aim of our research is to investigate the role of parental CD as a risk factor for thought disorders and psychotic disorders in a child aged between 4 and 7 years. Method : The association between parental Communication Deviance scored from family Rorschach protocols and the cognitive characteristics of the child were investigated. The Wechsler Scale (WPPSI-IV) was used as well as the Thought Disorder Index (Johnston & Holzman, 1986) and the ToM emotion tasks (Nader-Grosbois & Thirion-Marissiaux, 2011). Results : The results indicate that the amount of Communication Deviance is a stable trait of an individual in a family. It may be considered as a risk indicator for psychotic disorders and also for thought disorders in offspring. References : DeLisi LE (2001). Speech disorder in schizophrenia: review of the literature and exploration of its relation to the uniquely human capacity for language. Schizophr Bull. 27: 481–496. Johnston, M.H., Holzman, P.S. (1986) Scoring manual for the thought disorder index. Schizophrenia Bulletin. 
12 (3), 483-496. Lewis, R. (2004) Should cognitive deficit be a diagnostic criterion for schizophrenia, Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 20 (2), 102-113
 Nader-Grosbois, N., & Thirion-Marissiaux (2011). Développement de la ToM chez des personnes présentant une déficience intellectuelle. In N. Nader-Grosbois (Eds.), Théorie de l’esprit entre cognition, émotion et adaptation sociale : chez des personnes typiques et atypiques (Chapitre 9). Bruxelles : De Boeck.