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2009-01-01 - Article/Dans un journal avec peer-review - Anglais - 10 page(s)

Pirlot Marc , Bouyssou D., "An axiomatic analysis of concordance-discordance relations" in European Journal of Operational Research, 199, 468-477

  • Edition : Elsevier Science, Amsterdam (The Netherlands)
  • Codes CREF : Modèles mathématiques d'aide à la décision (DI1151), Mathématiques (DI1100), Recherche opérationnelle (DI1150)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Mathématique et Recherche opérationnelle (F151)

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) Outranking methods propose an original way to build a preference relation between alternatives evaluated on several attributes that has a definite ordinal flavor. Indeed, most of them appeal the concordance/non-discordance principle that leads to declaring that an alternative is ‘‘superior” to another, if the coalition of attributes supporting this proposition is ‘‘sufficiently important” (concordance condition) and if there is no attribute that ‘‘strongly rejects” it (non-discordance condition). Such a way of comparing alternatives is rather natural. However, it is well known that it may produce binary relations that do not possess any remarkable property of transitivity or completeness. This explains why the axiomatic foundations of outranking methods have not been much investigated, which is often seen as one of their important weaknesses. This paper uses conjoint measurement techniques to obtain an axiomatic characterization of preference relations that can be obtained on the basis of the concordance/non-discordance principle. It emphasizes their main distinctive feature, i.e. their very crude way to distinguish various levels of preference differences on each attribute. We focus on outranking methods, such as ELECTRE I, that produce a referexive relation, interpreted as an ‘‘at least as good as” preference relation. The results in this paper may be seen as an attempt to give such outranking methods a sound axiomatic foundation based on conjoint measurement.

Identifiants :
  • DOI : doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2008.11.011