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2017-06-20 - Article/Dans un journal avec peer-review - Anglais - 12 page(s)

De Paepe Ward , Montero Carrero Marina, Bram Svend, Contino francesco, Parente Alessandro, "Waste heat recovery optimization in micro gas turbine applications using advanced humidified gas turbine cycle concepts" in Applied Energy, 207, 218-229

  • Edition : Elsevier Science
  • Codes CREF : Thermodynamique appliquée (DI2210)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Thermique et Combustion (F704)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut de Recherche en Energétique (Energie)

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) Introduction of water in a micro Gas Turbine (mGT) has proven to be a very effective method to recover waste heat into the cycle, since it increases the mGT electrical efficiency significantly. Different routes exist for water introduction in the mGT cycle. Classical routes, like injection of steam/preheated water or the micro Humid Air Turbine (mHAT) concept, where water is introduced in the cycle by means of a saturation tower, have shown to have high potential. However none of the previously mentioned cycles exploits the full thermodynamic potential for waste heat recovery through water introduction. More advanced humidified Gas Turbine (GT) cycles have been proposed and studied for large scale GTs. So far, none of these concepts have been applied on mGT scale, despite their high potential. In this paper, we study the impact of these different, more advanced, humidified GT cycle concepts on the mGT performance. The different selected cycles – next to the classical steam injection or injection of (preheated) liquid water in the recuperated cycle and the mHAT – were: micro Humid Air Turbine Plus (mHAT+), Advanced Humid Air Turbine (AHAT) and the REgenerative EVAPoration (REVAP®) cycle concept. The impact of these concepts on the mGT cycle performance has been studied on the Turbec T100 mGT. Simulations indicated that humidifying the air of the mGT has a significant beneficial effect on cycle performance due to the increased waste heat recovery, resulting in a higher electrical power output (at constant rotational speed) or reduced fuel consumption (at constant power output), both leading to an increased electrical efficiency. Depending on the different cycle layout used, more or less waste heat could be recovered from the exhaust gas. The REVAP® concept with feedwater preheat was identified as the optimal cycle layout within the selected options. By applying this concept to the Turbec T100, most waste heat could be recovered, achieving the highest electrical efficiency increase.

Identifiants :
  • DOI : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.06.001