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2005-05-20 - Article/Dans un journal avec peer-review - Anglais - 7 page(s)

Badnell N.R., Bautista M.A., Bulter M., Delahaye F, Mendoza C., Palmeri Patrick , Zeippen J.C., Seaton M.J., "Up-dated opacities from the Opacity Project" in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 360, 2, 458–464

  • Edition : Blackwell Publishing, Oxford (United Kingdom)
  • Codes CREF : Enseignement des sciences exactes et naturelles (DI0131), Mécanique quantique classique et relativiste (DI1211)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Astrophysique et spectroscopie (S804)
Texte intégral :

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) Using the code AUTOSTRUCTURE, extensive calculations of inner-shell atomic data have been made for the chemical elements He, C, N, O, Ne, Na, Mg, Al, Si, S, Ar, Ca, Cr, Mn, Fe and Ni. The results are used to obtain up-dated opacities from the Opacity Project, OP. A number of other improvements on earlier work have also been included. Rosseland-mean opacities from OP are compared with those from OPAL. Differences of 5 to 10% occur. OP gives the `Z-bump', at log(T)=5.2, to be shifted to slightly higher temperatures. The opacities from OP, as functions of temperature and density, are smoother than those from OPAL. Extensive tests show that the numerical accuracy of the OP opacities following integration over frequency mesh and interpolation on temperature-density mesh is better than 1%. Prior to a number of recent investigations which have indicated a need for a downward revision in the solar abundances of oxygen and other elements, there was good agreement between properties of the sun deduced from helioseismology and from stellar evolution models calculated using OPAL opacities. The revisions in abundances destroy that agreement. In a recent paper Bahcall et al argue that the agreement would be restored if opacities for the regions of the sun between 0.7 and 0.4 solar radii were larger than those given by OPAL by about 10%. In the region concerned, the present results from OP do not differ from those of OPAL by more than 2.5%.

Notes :
  • (Anglais) Lecture en ligne: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2005.08991.x/pdf
Identifiants :
  • DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2005.08991.x