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2006-06-13 - Article/Dans un journal avec peer-review - Anglais - 8 page(s)

Coulembier Olivier , Mespouille Laetitia , Hedrick James L., Waymouth R.M., Dubois Philippe , "Metal-free catalyzed ring-opening polymerization of b-lactones : synthesis of amphiphilic triblock copolymers based on poly(dimethyl malic acid)" in Macromolecules, 39, 12, 4001-4008

  • Edition : American Chemical Society, Washington (DC)
  • Codes CREF : Chimie macromoléculaire (DI1315), Catalyses hétérogène et homogène (DI1334)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Matériaux Polymères et Composites (S816)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut de Recherche en Science et Ingénierie des Matériaux (Matériaux)
Texte intégral :

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) A polylactide-block-(dimethyl ß-malic acid-co-ß-butyrolactone)-block-polylactide (PLA-b-P(dMMLA-co-BL)-b-PLA) triblock copolymer has been synthesized according to a totally original three-step strategy. In a first step, the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of dimethyl benzyl ß-malolactonate (dMMLABz) and ß-butyrolactone (BL) has been carried out in a toluene/t-BuOH solvent mixture at 80 °C by using ethylene glycol as initiator and the commercially available 1,3,4-triphenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-ylidene carbene 1 as catalyst. The ROP mechanism selectively involves O-acyl cleavage of both dMMLABz and BL cyclic comonomers with a preferential incorporation of dMMLABz units in the growing polyester chains as attested by 1H NMR spectroscopy. In a second step, the so-produced a,?-dihydroxy P(dMMLABz-co-BL) copolyester have been further considered as difunctional macroinitiatior in l,l-lactide (LA) monomer ROP at 90 °C. In the third and last step, the benzylic ester functions pending along the recovered PLA-b-P(dMMLABz-co-BL)-b-PLA triblock copolymer have been reduced/deprotected by catalytic hydrogenation leading to the expected PLA-b-P(dMMLA-co-BL)-b-PLA symmetric triblock copolyester. The amphiphilic character of this novel type of A-B-A triblock copolymers has been evidenced by some preliminary dynamic light scattering experiments in aqueous solution. While “flower” type micelles are formed at low temperature (e.g., 4 °C), microgelation occurs at higher temperature (at ca. 25 °C). By a further increase in the temperature and consistent with a temperature-dependent reversible gel-sol transition, the microgel dissolves at ca. 40 °C to the benefit of primary micelles. These observations have allowed for drawing a preliminary sol-gel phase diagram in water characterized by lower and upper concentration-dependent critical gelation temperatures.

Notes :
  • (Anglais) Publié en ligne le 17 mai 2006
Identifiants :
  • DOI : 10.1021/ma060552n