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2018-08-31 - Colloque/Présentation - communication orale - Anglais - 24 page(s)

Meyers Charlène , "Metaphors as Clues to Degrees of Specialization in the Specialized Discourse of Astrophysics" in ESSE2018 (European Society for the Study of English), Brno, République tchèque, 2018

  • Codes CREF : Traduction (DI5326), Linguistique appliquée (DI5323)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Traduction spécialisée et Terminologie (T204)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut de Recherche en Développement Humain et des Organisations (HumanOrg)

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) Numerous studies have shown that metaphors are extensively present in LSP (i.e.: Resche 2002, Oliveira 2009, Giaufret & Rossi 2013) and that they manifest in various degrees of specialized discourses (Rossi 2015, Fries 2016). This contribution is intended to show the use of metaphors in the LSP of astrophysics and how their keyness can help distinguish different degrees of specialization. Metaphors will be studied in a corpus about black holes. The corpus is made of three subcorpora representing different degrees of discourse: news, popular science and specialized texts. A log-likelihood test will be run on the three subcorpora in order to generate a keyword list with statistically significant words (p <0.01). A comparison will then be made between statistically significant words that are metaphorically used in the three subcorpora. A second analysis will be conducted on metaphorically used collocates with a high collocation strength based on their t-score (t > 2). Inferential statistics will help us test the following hypotheses: (i) metaphors are statistically significant in the three degrees of discourse; (ii) keyness of metaphors differs in each subcorpus and may help as a clue to better distinguish degrees in specialized discourse.