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2007-01-01 - Article/Dans un journal avec peer-review - Anglais - 8 page(s)

Segers J., Laumonier C., Burtea Carmen , Laurent Sophie , Vander Elst Luce , Muller Robert , "From phage display to magnetophage, a new tool for magnetic resonance molecular imaging" in Bioconjugate Chemistry, 18, 4, 1251-1258

  • Edition : American Chemical Society, Washington (DC)
  • Codes CREF : Sciences biomédicales (DI3200), Biologie moléculaire (DI3111), Chimie organique (DI1313), Imagerie médicale, radiologie, tomographie (DI3243)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Chimie générale, organique et biomédicale (M108)
Texte intégral :

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) Phage display, an extremely promising technology in the context of molecular imaging, allows for the selection of peptides interacting with virtually any target from a heterogeneous mixture of bacteriophages. In this work, we propose the concept of magnetophages, obtained by covalent coupling of ultrasmall particles of iron oxide (USPIO) to the proteins of the phage wall. To validate magnetophages as a magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent (MRI), we have used as a prototype the clone E3 because of its specific affinity for phosphatidylserine, a marker of apoptosis. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay showed that E3 magnetophages incubated with phosphatidylserine retained the properties of the nonmagnetically labeled phages. The usefulness of magnetophages as an MRI contrast agent was estimated by incubation with phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylserine or with apoptotic and control cells. Under these conditions, E3 magnetophages allow the discrimination of phosphatidylserine from phosphatidylcholine and of apoptotic cells from control ones. Injected in vivo, magnetophages are rapidly cleared from the blood stream and internalized by the phagocytic cells of the liver. To abrogate this problem, USPIO were pegylated to obtain stealthy E3-PEG-magnetophages, invisible to phagocytic cells, which were successfully targeted to apoptotic liver. If this feature demonstrated for E3 magnetophages can be extrapolated to other phage display selected entities, magnetophages become an original system which allows validation of the candidate binding peptides before their synthesis is considered. The concept of the magnetophage could be extended to other imaging modalities by replacing USPIO with an adequate reporter (i.e., radiolabeled phages).

Identifiants :
  • PMID : 17521160
  • ISSN : 1043-1802
  • DOI : 10.1021/bc060377f

Mots-clés :
  • (Anglais) iron oxide nanoparticles
  • (Anglais) magnetic resonance imaging
  • (Anglais) apoptosis
  • (Anglais) Phage display