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2008-07-20 - Colloque/Abstract - Anglais - 1 page(s)

Rousseau Pierre , "Human newborn’s first eyes movements and facial expressions" in 12th European Conference on Facial Expression, University of Geneva, Suisse, 2008

  • Codes CREF : Ethologie [humaine] (DI312D), Psychologie (DI4200), Sciences exactes et naturelles (DI1000)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Développement communautaire (P361)
Texte intégral :

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) Human newborn’s first eyes movements and facial expressions Pierre Rousseau, Université Mons-Hainaut and Tivoli CHU – La Louvière, Belgium. Symposium II. Facial Expression as a Window on Perceptual-Cognitive Processing, Hedonics, & Affective Communication in Infants The 12th European Conference on Facial Expression, Geneva University, Switzerland, July 28 - 31, 2008. We have video recorded 75 normal term newborns focusing the camera on their face. The 34 videos that were recorded from the very first seconds from the time of their birth highlight a repeated stereotypic upper lid, eyes and head up and down behaviour separated by a wide variety of facial expressions: brow lowering and knitting, nose wrinkling, nasolabial fold deepening, lip corner lowering or stretching, upper lip raising, …, followed by a less or more pronounced crying face. Some newborns detect very quickly human eyes, sustain gaze exchanges with their mother or father, stop their repeated eyes and head behaviour, are calmed down and show a neutral or sometimes hedonic face. The interpretations of these observational data and the meanings of the first newborn’s facial expressions are discussed in the light of the attachment theory and infant development recent progress.