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2017-10-06 - Colloque/Présentation - communication orale - Anglais - 1 page(s)

Bakari A, Meerts P., Vandenput Sandrina, Okombe E.V., Ngoy E., Ngoy S. M., Kahola T. O., Kampemba M. F., Nkulu F. J., Duez Pierre , "The project Phytokat in Katanga (Democratic Republic of Congo): Conditions for the integration of traditional medicine in modern healthcare and a model answer against anthropogenic erosion of biodiversity" in Joint 5th SASA International Conference & 2nd Rwanda Biotechnology Conference, "Translational science and biotechnology advances in Africa", Kigali, Rwanda, 2017

  • Codes CREF : Botanique systématique (DI3150), Chimie analytique (DI1314), Pharmacognosie (DI3410), Sciences pharmaceutiques (DI3400), Phytosociologie (DI3151), Toxicologie pharmaceutique (DI3440)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Chimie thérapeutique et Pharmacognosie (M136)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut des Sciences et Technologies de la Santé (Santé)

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) still faces multiple health problems. Notably the access to conventional medicine is limited, as in most Sub-Saharan countries. Traditional medicine is the primary, and often the only, source of care for a majority of the population and relies mainly on plants as a source of drugs. But in front of the rapid population growth such as observed in DRC (3.5% /year), the demand for medicinal plants implies a risk of extinction for several species, which requires to supplement supply by agriculture, possibly family farming. This pilot project aims to establish the necessary foundation for progress in this direction in Katanga: 1. To evaluate the conditions for the introduction of traditional practices in modern medicine; 2. To deepen (i) the botanical and agronomic study of interesting species selected based on their interest in traditional medicine and the threat to their survival in the wild. Their garden cultivation would have two major advantages namely mass production and conservation of useful medicinal species; (ii) the pharmacological and chemical study of interesting plants, to highlight their pharmacological activities, mainly those related burden of disease in the region. 3. In the context of regional erosion of plant diversity, a conservation strategy is urgent and requires an inventory of their current distribution. It is imperative to think from now on about a sustainable way of using vegetable resources everywhere in Africa whenever we can meet such a situation. Through a multidisciplinary team, this project will aim at correcting the weaknesses identified by the recent Joint Context Analysis, performed in DRC at the Direction Générale Coopération au Développement et Aide Humanitaire (DGD) initiative, for the domain environment / natural resources: “Lack of information, knowledge and awareness among decision makers and local communities on the benefits of biodiversity-related development”.