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2006-08-01 - Article/Dans un journal avec peer-review - Anglais - 5 page(s)

Brau Fabian , Buisseret Fabien , "Minimal length uncertainty relation and gravitational quantum well" in Physical Review. D : Particles and Fields, 74, Issue 3, 1-5, 036002

  • Edition : American Physical Society, College Park (MD)
  • Codes CREF : Physique théorique et mathématique (DI1210), Mécanique quantique classique et relativiste (DI1211)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Physique nucléaire et subnucléaire (S824), Laboratoire Interfaces et Fluides complexes (S885)
Texte intégral :

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) The dynamics of a particle in a gravitational quantum well is studied in the context of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics with a particular deformation of a two-dimensional Heisenberg algebra. This deformation yields a new short-distance structure characterized by a finite minimal uncertainty in position measurements, a feature it shares with noncommutative theories. We show that an analytical solution can be found in perturbation and we compare our results to those published recently, where noncommutative geometry at the quantum mechanical level was considered. We find that the perturbations of the gravitational quantum well spectrum in these two approaches have different signatures. We also compare our modified energy spectrum to the results obtained with the GRANIT experiment, where the effects of the Earth’s gravitational field on quantum states of ultracold neutrons moving above a mirror are studied. This comparison leads to an upper bound on the minimal length scale induced by the deformed algebra we use. This upper bound is weaker than the one obtained in the context of the hydrogen atom but could still be useful if the deformation parameter of the Heisenberg algebra is not a universal constant but a quantity that depends on the energetic content of the system.

Notes :
  • (Anglais) hep-th/ 0605183
Identifiants :
  • DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevD.74.036002