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2017-01-23 - Article/Dans un journal avec peer-review - Anglais - 6 page(s)

Bournine L, Bensalem Sihem, Fatmi S., Bedjou F, Mathieu Véronique, Iguer-Ouada M., Kiss R, Duez Pierre , "Evaluation of the cytotoxic and cytostatic activities of alkaloid extracts from different parts of Peganum harmala L.(Zygophyllaceae)" in European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 9, 91-96, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eujim.2016.10.002

  • Codes CREF : Chimie analytique (DI1314), Pharmacognosie (DI3410), Sciences pharmaceutiques (DI3400), Toxicologie pharmaceutique (DI3440)
  • Unités de recherche UMONS : Chimie thérapeutique et Pharmacognosie (M136)
  • Instituts UMONS : Institut des Sciences et Technologies de la Santé (Santé)
Texte intégral :

Abstract(s) :

(Anglais) Introduction: Peganum harmala L. (P. harmala) is broadly used in folk medicine for the treatment of various diseases including cancer. The seeds are particularly employed for therapeutic. The present paper investigates the cytotoxic effects of raw alkaloid extracts from different parts of P. harmala including fruits (TAFr), seeds (TASe), roots (TAR) and aerial parts (TAAp); in order to assess traditional claims about the therapeutic potential of this plant. Methods: The cytotoxic effects were evaluated on six malignant cancer cells (A549, U373, Hs683, MCF7, B16F10 and SKMEL-28; A549, U373, MCF7 and SKMEL-28 are resistant to proapoptotic stimuli) by MTT assay and quantitative videomicroscopy analysis. The main alkaloids were quantified by HPLC in the different parts of plant. Results: Total alkaloids of the different parts were cytotoxic towards practically all cancer cell lines with IC 50 ranging 1–52 mg/mL after 72 h of treatment. Videomicroscopy analysis indicated that the TAFr, TASe and TAR alkaloids affect A549 lung carcinoma cells behaviour and induce a cytostatic effect whereas TAAp extract was cytotoxic rather than cytostatic. TAAp, TAFr, TASe and TAR treatment induced global growth ratio indexes (GGR) of 0.19, 0.26, 0.3 and 0.62, respectively, after 72 h of treatment. Depending on the organe, harmine, harmaline, harmol and vasicine have, range between 2 and 90% w/w of total alkaloids. Conclusion: These data indicate that P. harmala alkaloids extract may support the traditional claims regarding its anticancer uses which could be helpful in providing of new cytotoxic agents against chemoresistant cancer cells.